How to Prevent Peripheral Artery Disease

heart healthIn the complex web of our cardiovascular system, the arteries play a vital role in ensuring the smooth flow of blood from the heart to various parts of the body. However, when these arteries become narrowed or blocked conditions like Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD) can emerge, posing a threat to our overall health. At AMS Cardiology we understand the significance of proactive care; that’s why we’ve put together this blog where we’ll explore the essential aspects of peripheral artery disease prevention and management.

Understanding Peripheral Artery Disease

Peripheral artery disease or PAD is a condition in which plaque builds up in the arteries that lead to the legs and feet. When this occurs, the blood flow to these extremities can be significantly reduced, leading to symptoms such as leg pain, cramping and fatigue, affecting the quality of life for those suffering from this condition. Below, we examine several prevention strategies:

Regular Exercise

Engaging in regular physical activity is crucial for maintaining optimal cardiovascular health. Exercise helps improve blood circulation, strengthen the heart and manage weight—all of which can help reduce the risk of PAD. At AMS Cardiology, we encourage patients to adopt a well-rounded exercise routine that includes aerobic activities like walking, cycling or swimming. 

Healthy Diet

A special peripheral artery disease diet plays an integral role in reducing and preventing this condition. A diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains and lean proteins can help control blood pressure, cholesterol levels and weight. AMS Cardiology emphasizes the importance of a heart-healthy diet to reduce the risk of developing arterial diseases. 

Regular Health Check-Ups

One of the best ways to ensure peripheral artery disease prevention is to regularly visit your cardiologist. Early detection is key to effective treatment and management. Regular check-ups including blood pressure monitoring and cholesterol screenings enable our team to identify early symptoms and intervene before they escalate. 


For individuals with existing cardiovascular conditions or risk factors, following prescribed medication regimens is essential. AMS Cardiology works closely with patients to ensure they understand the importance of their medications and adhere to their dosing schedule. Incorporating these preventative measures into your lifestyle can significantly reduce the risk of developing peripheral artery disease and enhance overall cardiovascular health. 

Smoking Cessation

Smoking is a major risk factor for PAD, as it contributes to the narrowing and hardening of arteries. AMS Cardiology strongly advocates for smoking cessation to help patients kick the habit and improve their cardiovascular health. 

Treatment Options for PAD

PAD demands a comprehensive approach to treatment, aiming not only to alleviate symptoms but also to address the underlying causes of the disease. At AMS Cardiology our dedicated team employs a multi-faceted approach to peripheral artery disease treatment combining effective and personalized care based on individual needs. Several ways we help patients with PAD include:

  • Lifestyle Modifications – Lifestyle changes form the cornerstone of PAD treatment. Patients are encouraged to adopt a heart-healthy lifestyle that includes regular exercise, a balanced peripheral artery disease diet low in saturated fats and smoking cessation. These modifications contribute to improved blood flow, weight management and overall cardiovascular health.
  • Medications – Medications play a crucial role in managing PAD symptoms. Antiplatelet medicines help to reduce the risk of blood clots while statins help to lower blood cholesterol levels and stabilize plaque in the arteries.
  • Blood Sugar Management and Blood Pressure Control – For individuals with diabetes, managing blood sugar levels and blood pressure is essential in preventing complications and managing PAD. 
  • Minimally Invasive Procedures – In cases where the above alone are insufficient, minimally invasive procedures can help. Angioplasty and stenting are common interventions to widen narrowed arteries and improve blood flow. 
  • Surgical Options – In the most advanced cases or when other interventions are ineffective, surgical options may be necessary. 

Why AMS Cardiology?

At AMS Cardiology, our mission is to empower patients to take control of their heart health and live healthily. By adopting a holistic approach that encompasses regular exercise, a heart-healthy diet, smoking cessation and regular checkups, you can pave the way toward preventing peripheral artery disease.

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